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Symptoms and treatment of childhood diabetes

Symptoms and treatment of childhood diabetes


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The incidence of type 1 diabetes in pediatric patients has increased in recent years, particularly in childrenunder 5 years.

According to a preliminary study carried out by the diabetes group of the Spanish Society of Pediatric Endocrinology (SEEP), approximately 39 percent of these children, that is, 4 out of 10, are diagnosed in a situation of ketoacidosis, a serious complication of diabetes, which appears as a consequence of the lack of insulin in the body.

Ketoacidosis can even be life-threatening for a child with diabetes and is due to a delay in diagnosis. The delay in diagnoses means that 39 percent of children diagnosed with diabetes, 51.7 percent under the age of 5, enter the hospital with ketoacidosis, as recognized by the Diabetes Foundation. To avoid this, it is essential that parents, teachers and health professionals recognize the symptoms of childhood diabetes.

- Diabetes type 1

  • Rapid rise in blood sugar levels
  • Intense thirst
  • Need to go to urinate frequently
  • Weight loss with no apparent cause
  • Abdominal pain, vomiting
  • Tiredness, weakness
  • Blurry vision
  • Irritability

- Type 2 diabetes

Normally, there are no symptoms, but occasionally it may appear:

  • Intense thirst
  • Need to urinate frequently
  • Weightloss
  • Blurry vision

The first symptoms can give a clue to parents and teachers, but they must be confirmed through the determination of glucose in the blood. In health centers and pharmacies it is possible to measure it in a few seconds after puncturing the ball of the finger to obtain a drop of blood. If the glucose level is high, you should see a doctor urgently.

Most cases of type 2 diabetes are discovered during a routine childhood diabetes diagnostic visit. The earlier diabetes is diagnosed, the more effective control of the disease will be. Therefore, if you notice any alteration in your child's behavior, go to the doctor. If diabetes is not detected and treated in time, it can cause a sudden variation in the rate of glucose in the blood.

Diabetes is diagnosed by a test, which measures glucose levels in the blood. The analysis is performed on an empty stomach from the night before. For type 2 diabetes, an oral glucose tolerance test is performed, which consists of measuring glucose in the blood and urine before and after drinking a sugar or glucose solution.

Treatment is different depending on the type of diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, treatment is based on insulin injections daily with personalized doses for each patient. At the same time, the blood glucose level should be checked.

For type 2 diabetes, as a rule, medication is not necessary. The disease can be controlled by monitoring the level of glucose in the blood, taking a proper diet and physical exercise on regular basis.

You can read more articles similar to Symptoms and treatment of childhood diabetes, in the Diabetes category on site.


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