We step away a little from the vaccine debate that has come into force in recent years and focus on vaccination itself. Once you've decided to vaccinate your children, there are a few things to keep in mind. After giving the vaccine the child, you must be attentive to some aspects.
Vaccines are generally administered by injection to infants and children following a pre-established vaccination schedule that lasts throughout childhood. The goal of childhood vaccines is immunize the child against certain diseases that could put their health at risk.
Since he is a newborn, who is vaccinated against Hepatitis B until approximately 14 years, children are receiving vaccines such as chicken pox, measles, diphtheria, polio, flu or the most debated vaccine against the Human Papilloma Virus. All of them with the intention of preventing not only the disease but also the contagion between children.
It seems pretty clear that childhood vaccines are good for both your health and the health of other children. Considering that the risk of contagion it is high especially in school season, vaccines act as a prevention of what could become an epidemic.
Nor can we ignore that vaccines can cause some reactions and that they can have side effects. The child should be observed for any discomfort after the vaccine and health personnel also recommend not leaving the health center immediately after administering the vaccine in case of any reaction. These are the most common reactions that childhood vaccines can cause.
- swelling Since vaccines are generally administered by means of an injectionSome children have swelling in the area where they have been punctured. It does not have gravity and is calmed by applying a cold compress.
- Pain. Pain in the area where the vaccine has been given is one of the most common side effects. Generally the pain is very mild and goes away after a few hours, but it may be necessary to give the child an analgesic, always under medical supervision.
- Redness. Some of the substances in vaccines can cause redness on the skin of the child. It is not a very common side effect after a vaccine, so it is advisable to consult your pediatrician to treat the affected area and check that it is not an allergy.
- Fever. It does not happen with all vaccines and it does not happen in all children, but some fever may appear after the vaccine is given. Administer a antipyretic and controlling that the fever is not too high is the most advisable for this reaction.
- Humor. Getting a vaccine is not a dish of good taste and less for a child, that is why it is common for them to cry or get angry after the vaccine. This is solved by keeping the child entertained in an activity that he likes, but also by explaining the importance of vaccines for his health.
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