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What you should know about open bite in children

What you should know about open bite in children


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The openbite It is defined as the lack of contact between the upper and lower teeth, that is, they do not touch each other and therefore, there is a gap between them, and it is more common in children than it may seem.

This type of bite can have consequences on the correct development of children, including language.

We resolve all doubts about the children's open bite.

There are different types of bite open, depending on its location, anterior or lateral.

At what ages can it occur?

This type of biting can appear to early ages (after 3 years), or during the process of tooth replacement, at the time when the child is in the mixed dentition stage (he has milk and permanent teeth).

What is the cause of the open bite?

There are different problems that can lead to its development:

- Acquired problems, which cause open bites of dental origin.

Due to a harmful oral habit such as atypical swallowing (children place their tongue between the front teeth when they are going to swallow) or due to sucking habits, either due to use prolonged use of the bottle or pacifier; or from thumb sucking.

Mouth breathing (more like a disease than a habit) can also lead to previous open bites due to a disturbance of respiratory function that forces children to breathe through the mouth.

- Bone or skeletal problems:

They are children who have an alteration in the growth of the bones of the face, their origin is genetic, and the bones grow in a divergent way.

What important things should we know about the open bite?

- It is important to know that performing a early diagnostic It will help us identify those problems that can be treated early and differentiate them from those that require later orthodontic treatment.

- In the specific case of open bites of dental origin, performing an early orthodontic treatment when the child is in growth phases can solve or minimize the problem, since we avoid the development of more serious alterations that are more difficult to correct and solve. Causing the orthognathic surgery be the only solution.

What consequences can it have on the child?

- Dental / skeletal alterations

In general, the appearance of an anterior open bite results in a low placement of the tongue, therefore, it is not placed on the palate at the time of swallowing, causing the child's palate not to grow transversely correctly.

The upper incisors may be protruded (teeth inclined forward) and the lower incisors retruded (teeth inclined backwards), if the open bite is associated with the use of a pacifier or a habit of sucking the finger.

In the long term, all these dental alterations can affect the bones that are being formed, leading to a more posterior position of the jaw and / or protrusion of the maxilla.

- Functional alterations:

Chewing worsens as they grind food less.

Problems in the swallowing: the child alters the way he swallows as he puts his tongue between his teeth.

Phonation, speech disturbances. The most common is the appearance of the lisp, pronouncing the "s" as a "c".

- Aesthetic alterations:

An anterior open bite can affect the smile and lead to self esteem issues.

You can read more articles similar to What you should know about open bite in children, in the On-Site Dental Care category.


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