There is no doubt that each child is unique in their way of being, in their way of learning, developing and growing. Each one has their own rhythm in terms of their capacities, abilities and skills, although it is advisable that we know what our child can do according to his age, more than anything to better guide us in terms of his progress.
We have found, on the ASHA website,American Speech Language Hearing Association, a scale of how children ages 3 months to 5 years speak and listen. The fact that a child does not master a skill contained in the scale below does not mean that he suffers from any disorder or disorder. It would only be convenient to discuss it with the child's doctor.
How does children's speech develop? Gurgling and babbling are the first signs of speech development in babies. Around 9 months of age, they begin to imitate sounds, tones, and words that will later become their way of speaking.
- From birth to 3 months: startles at loud noises. He is silent or smiles when spoken to. Seems to recognize your voice. He shuts up if he is crying when he recognizes your voice. Suck more or less forcefully in response to sound. Makes sounds of pleasure like chirping and cooing. Cries in different ways depending on his different needs. Smile when you see him.
- From 4 to 6 months: move your eyes in the direction of sounds. Respond to changes in tone of voice. Pay attention to toys that make sounds. Pay attention to the music. The child's babbling is more like speech and contains many different sounds, including p, b, m. Express joy or anger with your voice. Makes sounds and gurgles when alone or when playing with you.
- From 7 months to 1 year: enjoy simple children's games containing rhymes and songs accompanied by hand and facial gestures. He turns and looks in the direction of the sounds. Pay attention when spoken to. Recognize the names of common objects like "cup," "shoe," and "juice." He begins to answer questions and commands like "come here" and "do you want more?" The child's babbling contains groups of short and long sounds, such as "tata bibibi upupu." Use speech and sounds to attract and hold attention, without having to cry. Imitate different sounds of speech. Use a word or two ("mom," "dad," "no," "water") even if they don't sound very clear.
- From 1 to 2 years: points to different parts of the body when asked. Follows simple directions and understands simple questions ("throw the ball," "give the baby a kiss," and "where's your mommy?"). Pay attention to songs, rhymes, and simple stories. Point on the pictures of a book when the figures are named. Use more words as the months go by. Use questions that contain one or two words such as "more?", "What that?", And "was it daddy?" Use two words together like "more bread," "my bear" and "look cow." Use many different consonants at the beginning of words.
- From 2 to 3 years: understands differences in word meanings ("open / close," "up / down," "big / small"). Obey compound directions ("Find the book and put it on the table"). It has a name for almost everything. Use two- or three-word sentences to talk about things or to ask for them. People close to the child understand what he is saying most of the time. Often asks for objects or directs attention to them by calling them by name.
- From 3 to 4 years: hear when called from another room. Listen to radio and television at the same volume as the rest of the family. Answer simple questions that begin with the words "who?", "What?", "Where?", "Why?" Talk about what he does at school or at friends' houses. Even people not close to the child understand what he is saying most of the time. Uses numerous sentences of four words or more. Usually speaks easily without repeating syllables or words.
- From 4 to 5 years: pay attention to short stories and answer simple questions about them. Listens to and understands most of what is spoken at home and at school. The child's voice sounds as clear as that of other children. Use very detailed sentences, such as: "I have two red balls in the house." Tell stories sticking to the theme. Communicates easily with other children and adults. Uses many sounds correctly, except for a few like g, f, s, r, l, ch. Use the same grammar as the rest of the family. If you think language or hearing, you can discuss it with your doctor or consult a specialist.
- American Speech-Language
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