With the evolution of dairy products and the appearance of plant-based milks, we often find ourselves in the position of not knowing which milk to choose to include in the diet of our little ones.
On our site we clarify all the doubts that may arise at this time and We tell you what milk to give the baby after weaning.
- Whole cow's milk is, as a general rule, the least processed. Its fat content is high, yes, and it also contains a considerable amount of saturated fat and cholesterol, not the best nutrients to include in the diet of our children. In addition, it contains a large amount of protein, calcium and vitamins, especially D and B12. The presence of fat is necessary as a vehicle for vitamin D, since this is a fat-soluble vitamin. Vitamin D is necessary for the absorption of calcium, and in fact, and since calcium is better absorbed in the presence of lactose, vitamin D and an adequate calcium / phosphorus ratio, whole milk is the best when it comes to securing bones. powerful.
- Semi-skimmed and skimmed milk have similar amounts of protein and calcium to whole milk, but obviously less fat and therefore, less vitamin D content, making calcium absorption more complicated. However, as it has less saturated fat, it is healthier, so the contribution of calcium and vitamin D from other sources must be assessed if you choose to offer skimmed milk to children.
- Both whole milk and semi-skimmed and skimmed milk contain lactose as the main carbohydrate. Lactose can cause digestive problems. The digestion of lactose requires an enzyme, lactase, which is responsible for dividing it into glucose and galactose so that they can be used by cells. People with lactose intolerance produce little lactase, so the lactose in milk accumulates in their gastrointestinal tract and is fermented by the bacteria present in it, producing the flatulence typical of this intolerance.
- Plant milks, on the other hand, are low in saturated fat and cholesterol, except for coconut milk. They also contain little protein and low biological value, except soy milk, whose protein is of better quality. Its contribution of micronutrients, unless they are added artificially, is scarce. And they contain, in general, many sugars although in the case of the rice drink, they are slow release.
It is difficult to establish what milk should be offered to children after the end of breastfeeding, but for a more accurate choice it is better to take into account what milk the rest of the family consumes and because, it is easy that this is the best option also for our little ones.
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